Knowledge

COVID-19 and NCDs

Policy Brief: COVID-19 and the Need for Action on Mental Health

Policy brief

Although the COVID-19 crisis is, in the first instance, a physical health crisis, it has the seeds of a major mental health crisis as well, if action is not taken. Good mental health is critical to the functioning of society at the best of times. It must be front and centre of every country’s response to and recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. The mental health and wellbeing of whole societies have been severely impacted by this crisis and are a priority to be addressed urgently.

Published by: United Nations

World Health Data Platform

Database

The latest data and reports including the Global Health Observatory, Triple Billion targets, COVID-19 situation, and equity monitoring. 

 

Published by: World Health Organization

WHO statement: Tobacco use and COVID-19

Publication

Tobacco kills more than 8 million people globally every year. More than 7 million of these deaths are from direct tobacco use and around 1.2 million are due to non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. Tobacco smoking is a known risk factor for many respiratory infections and increases the severity of respiratory diseases. A review of studies by public health experts convened by WHO on 29 April 2020 found that smokers are more likely to develop severe disease with COVID-19, compared to non-smokers.

Published by: World Health Organization

COVID-19 and the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and receptor blockers

Article

Concerns exists that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) increase susceptibility to coronavirus SARS CoV-2 (the viral agent that causes the disease COVID-19) and the likelihood of severe COVID-19 illness. These concerns are based on considerations of biological plausibility, and the observation that there is an overrepresentation of patients with hypertension and other cardiovascular comorbidities among patients with COVID-19 who have poor outcomes.

Published by: World Health Organization

Community-based health care, including outreach and campaigns,in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

Guide

The COVID-19 pandemic is challenging health systems across the world. Rapidly increasing demand for care of people with COVID-19 is compounded by fear, misinformation and limitations on the movement of people and supplies that disrupt the delivery of frontline health care for all people.

Published by: World Health Organization

Policy Brief: A Disability-Inclusive Response to COVID-19

Policy brief

The global crisis of COVID-19 is deepening pre-existing inequalities, exposing the extent of exclusion and highlighting that work on disability inclusion is imperative. People with disabilities—one billion people— are one of the most excluded groups in our society and are among the hardest hit in this crisis in terms of fatalities.

 

Published by: World Health Organization

Frequently Asked Questions: Breastfeeding and COVID-19- For health care workers

Guide

The interim guidance and FAQ reflect: i. the available evidence regarding transmission risks of COVID-19 through breastmilk; ii. the protective effects of breastfeeding and skin-to-skin contact, and, iii. the harmful effects of inappropriate use of infant formula milk. The FAQ also draws on other WHO recommendations on Infant and Young Child Feeding and the Interagency Working Group Operational Guidance on Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies. A decision tree shows how these recommendations may be implemented by health workers in maternity services and community settings, as part of daily work with mothers and families.

Published by: World Health Organization

New FAQs address healthcare workers questions on breastfeeding and COVID-19

Article

Mothers and healthcare workers who support them have many questions and concerns about whether it is safe for mothers with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 to be close to and breastfeed their babies during the pandemic. To address their questions, WHO has released a list of Frequently asked questions: Breastfeeding and COVID-19.

Published by: World Health Organization

Q&A on COVID-19 and breastfeeding

Fact sheet

A Q&A page on COVID-19 and breastfeeding.

 

 

Published by: World Health Organization

The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients with COVID-19

Concerns have been raised that NSAIDs may be associated with an increased risk of adverse effects when used in patients with acute viral respiratory infections, including COVID-19.1,2 This review aimed to assess the effects of prior and current use of NSAIDs in patients with acute viral respiratory infections on acute severe adverse events (including mortality, the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), acute organ failure, and opportunistic infections), on acute health care utilization (including hospitalization, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, supplemental oxygen therapy, and mechanical ventilation) as well as on quality of life and long-term survival.

Published by: World Health Organization

Addressing noncommunicable diseases in the COVID-19 response

Guide

People with underlying noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease and cancer have a high risk for developing severe and even fatal COVID-19. It is important for them to strictly follow basic protective measures and make sure their chronic diseases are well managed. However, pandemics cripple health systems and compromise provision routine medical care. This technical note gives general guidance to people living with NCDs, their caregivers and family members, the public, health programme managers and health-care workers on how to reduce risks of a COVID-19 infection and maintain care for people living with NCDs during the outbreak.

Published by: World Health Organization

Alcohol and COVID-19: what you need to know

Fact sheet

Facing the COVID-19 (new coronavirus disease) pandemic, the countries of the world must take decisive action to stop the spread of the virus. In these critical circumstances, it is essential that everyone is informed about other health risks and hazards so that they can stay safe and healthy.

Published by: World Health Organization

Strategic preparedness and response plan for the new coronavirus

Strategy document

This strategic preparedness and response plan outlines the public health measures that the international community stands ready to provide to support all countries to prepare for and respond to COVID-19.

Published by: World Health Organization

Food and nutrition tips during self-quarantine

Guide

Note: This guidance is aimed at individuals and families in contexts where self-quarantine and isolation have been recommended or required.

As countries are taking stronger measures to contain the spread of COVID-19, self-quarantine and the temporary closing of businesses may affect normal food-related practices. Healthy individuals, as well as those showing acute respiratory disease symptoms, are being requested to stay at home. In some countries, restaurants and take-away offers are being limited and some fresh items are becoming less available

Published by: World Health Organization

Country & Technical Guidance - Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

Database

A central database of Country & Technical Guidance on Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) from the World Health Organization. Please note that this database will be continually updated as new information and guidance is made available. 

Published by: World Health Organization

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