什么是WHO GCM / NCD？
The Global Coordination Mechanism on the Prevention and Control of NCDs (GCM/NCD)
is a global Member State-led coordinating and engagement platform, established in 2014 by the World Health Assembly to help counteract the growing global health threat of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs).
The GCM/NCD facilitates and enhances the coordination of activities, multi-stakeholder engagement and action across sectors at the national, regional and global levels, in order to contribute to the implementation of the WHO Global NCD Action Plan (GAP) 2013-2020, while avoiding duplication of efforts, using resources in an efficient and results-orientated way, and safeguarding WHO and public health from any undue influence by any form of real, perceived or potential conflicts of interest.
This innovative multistakeholder engagement platform has facilitated bridging the last 2 high-level meetings of the General Assembly on NCDs between 2014 and 2018 by supporting the evolution of the NCD narrative from a disease-focused perspective to a multistakeholder and cross-sectoral health and development perspective that better aligns with the SDG-era.
The GCM/NCD has supported this transformative change by convening and connecting over 400 Participants, including 194 Member States and more than 170 non-state actors, to share resources, knowledge, expertise and partnership models at 5 global multistakeholder dialogue meetings; 5 GCM/NCD Expert Working Groups, with members representing 54 countries from all 6 WHO regions; through a comprehensive platform of Communities of Practice that facilitates knowledge networking and collaborative learning, engaging 2,400 users from 199 countries and territories on a wide range of NCD topics; and crowdsourcing 178 personal stories, including submissions from people living with NCDs, across 35 countries through the NCDs&Me campaign.
In addition, the GCM has supported more than 10 countries, engaging all 3 levels of WHO in collaboration with UNIATF, as well as other relevant stakeholders, showcasing the value and impact of collaborative support to accelerate countries.
The GCM/NCD is a multistakeholder, global Member State-led coordinating and engagement platform, established in 2014 by the World Health Assembly to help counteract the growing global health threat of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs).
The GCM/NCD contributes to accelerating the implementation of the WHO GlobalAction Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2013-2020, and the NCD and NCD-related targets of the Sustainable Development Goal(SDG) by fostering high-level commitments to advance multisectoral and multistakeholder engagement in NCD responses at local, national, regional and global levels.
The GCM/NCD connects and convenes a diverse group of more than 400 Participants comprising WHO Member States, United Nations organizations and non-State actors – non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, philanthropic foundations and private sector entities around a shared goal to support countries to reduce premature mortality and unnecessary suffering from NCDs.
No single organization, actor, or sector can address the burden of NCDs alone. While governments have the primary role and responsibility of responding to NCDs, they require contributions and commitments from a wide range of actors. For this reason, the GCM/NCD Secretariat engages a diverse array of stakeholders in all of its activities.
The GCM/NCD maintains a network of GCM/NCD Participants, whose expertise is leveraged and matched with activities in countries and at the regional and global level in order to improve NCD advocacy, policy, and service delivery. Growing this collaborative network to include a range of relevant stakeholders across NCDs is key to enhancing the response to the NCD epidemic worldwide.
GCM/NCD Participants include non-State actor organizations or entities that have applied and been approved to join the GCM/NCD. Together with Member States and United Nations organizations, they form the membership of the GCM/NCD. They are engaged, active and collaborative partners, who bring knowledge, experience, and capacity to the actions by countries and in regions to prevent and control NCDs.
What are commitments?
Commitments from GCM/NCD Participants signify ongoing and future engagements and support to contribute to the implementation of the GCM/NCD workplans, WHO GAP 2013-2020, WHO Thirteenth General Programme of Work 2019-2023 and the NCD and NCD-related targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.Contributions and commitments are organised in line with the five functions of the GCM/NCDs:
i) advocacy and raising awareness,
ii) disseminating knowledge and information,
iii) encouraging innovation and identifying barriers,
iv) advancing multisectoral action,
v) advocating for the mobilization of resources.
Contributions and commitments from GCM/NCD Participants
Below are examples of contributions and commitments from current GCM/NCD Participants. They, are by no means exhaustive, but give a sense of how the GCM/NCD, as a multistakeholder platform, advances the NCD agenda through its five functions and by leveraging its diverse network of stakeholders.