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Health taxes: a primer

Fact sheet

Health taxes: a primer summarizes the evidence on the health and economic impact of health taxes (those imposed on products with a negative public health impact like tobacco, alcohol, sugar-sweetened beverages and fossil fuels). These taxes result in healthier populations and generate revenues for the budget even in the presence of illicit trade/evasion. 

Published by: World Health Organization (WHO)

IPU Resolution 'Achieving universal health coverage by 2030: The role of parliaments in ensuring the right to health'


The Inter-Parliamentary Union Resolution 'Achieving universal health coverage by 2030: The role of parliaments in ensuring the right to health', represents a commitment to harness the power of parliaments to translate political commitment into legislation, policies, programs, and results. The Resolution adopted by the world’s parliaments at the 141st IPU Assembly held in Serbia, is calling for parliaments to take all legal and policy measures to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030. 

Published by: Inter-Parliamentary Union

Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting on Universal health Coverage "Universal Health Coverage: moving together to build a healthier world


On 23 September, at the United Nations General Assembly, all 193 UN Member States adopted a high-level political declaration on universal health coverage in New York, the most comprehensive document ever on global health and the right to access quality services for all. The meeting, ‘Universal Health Coverage: Moving Together to Build a Healthier World’, brought together heads of state, political and health leaders, policy-makers, and universal health coverage champions to advocate for health for all. Universal health coverage means all people have access to the health care they need, when and where they need it, without facing financial hardship. With a strong foundation of primary health care, universal health coverage is one of WHO’s key priorities, making up one of the Triple Billion Goals. 

Published by: United Nations

What is the evidence on the role of the arts in improving health and well-being?


This scoping review synthesizes the global evidence on the role of the arts in improving health and well-being, with a specific focus on the WHO European Region Over the past two decades, there has been a major increase in research into the effects of the arts on health and well-being, alongside developments in practice and policy activities in different countries across the WHO European Region and further afield. However, because of a lack of awareness of the evidence underpinning these activities, there has been little consistency in policy development across different Member States in the Region. This report aims to close this awareness gap by mapping the current available evidence in the field of arts and health.

Published by: WHO Regional Office for Europe

The Power of Cities: Tackling Noncommunicable Diseases and Road Traffic Injuries


A new report by the World Health Organization offers guidance and tools for urban leaders to tackle some of the leading causes of death in cities. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as heart disease, stroke, cancer and diabetes, kill 41 million people worldwide every year, and road traffic crashes kill 1.35 million. From anti-tobacco actions in Beijing and Bogor, to road safety initiatives in Accra and Bangkok, a bike-sharing scheme in Fortaleza, and actions to create walkable streets for seniors that have reduced elderly pedestrian deaths by 16% in New York City, the report aims to share knowledge between urban policy planners.

Published by: World Health Organization (WHO)

Tanzania National Diabetes Program 2013-2017 End Term Evaluation


The National Diabetes Program was coordinated through the Ministry of Health under the NCD section and was directly placed under the National NCD steering committee. The rollout of NDP program was made to utilize the already existing health infrastructure to bring out comprehensive diabetes & other NCD services to the primary, secondary and tertiary levels of care while also introducing; nutrition & counseling in the clinics, foot examination, eye screening component and establish linkages with the Reproductive & Child Health clinics to target gestational diabetes. Public private partnerships with (FBOs, Private, and other health care providers) together with appropriate and effective referral system were put in place. Community involvement was strengthened through creation of awareness and education session on prevention and control of NCD risk factors. This led to an increase in demand for NCD care and services in the country.

The overall aim of this evaluation was to inform the implementer on the project performance and specifically establish the veracity of project achievements on the set strategic objectives (Verification of performance by strategic objective), to determine project efficiency, effectiveness and independent attribution. It covers the period from the beginning of April 2012 to May 2017.

Published by: United Republic of Tanzania


SCOPE is a free internationally-recognized certification in obesity management. It equips health professionals with up to date, evidence-based obesity management resources, to better treat their patients with obesity and to excel in their careers.

Published by: World Obesity Federation

Global Atlas on Childhood Obesity


The atlas presents data for every country based on their current and predicted levels of obesity in children, the risk factors and the presence of government policies to tackle obesity, such as restricting the marketing of foods to children, encouragement of physical activity and nation guidelines for healthy diets. Based on these factors the Atlas gives each country a score for their childhood obesity risk. 

Published by: World Obesity

Alcohol policy impact case study: the effects of alcohol control measures on mortality and life expectancy in the Russian Federation


Alcohol consumption has long been recognized as one of the main driving factors of mortality in the Russian Federation, especially among men of working age. The introduction of various evidence-based alcohol control measures at the beginning of the 2000s resulted in a decrease in all-cause mortality, with the most pronounced relative changes occurring in causes of death that are causally linked to or closely associated with alcohol consumption. Since 2003, both alcohol consumption and mortality were declining in parallel. In the period 2003–2018, all-cause mortality decreased by 39% in men and by 36% in women – a trend that was mirrored by an increase in life expectancy. In 2018, Russian life expectancy reached its historic peak, standing at almost 68 years for men and 78 years for women. The experience gathered by the Russian Federation in reducing the burden of disease stemming from alcohol represents a powerful argument that effective alcohol policy is essential to improving the prospects of living long and healthy lives.

Published by: WHO Regional Office for Europe

NCDprime - Modelling the impact of national policies on noncommunicable disease (NCD) mortality using PRIME: a policy scenario modelling tool

PRIME (the Preventable Risk Integrated ModEl) is a free and easy to use scenario modelling tool that generates estimates of the number of lives that can be saved by policies that change patterns in diet, physical activity, tobacco and alcohol for a given population. It doesn’t require any special software as it is built into a regular Excel spreadsheet. PRIME was developed by researchers at WHO Collaborating Centre on Population Approaches for NCD Prevention at the University of Oxford and disseminated via WHO Regional Office for Europe for the use of Member States and other stakeholders.

Published by: WHO Regional Office for Europe

WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2019


The report "Offering help to quit tobacco use" tracks the status of the tobacco epidemic and interventions to combat it. The report finds that more countries have implemented tobacco control policies, ranging from graphic pack warnings and advertising bans to no smoking areas. About 5 billion people – 65% of the world’s population – are covered by at least one comprehensive tobacco control measure, which has more than quadrupled since 2007 when only 1 billion people and 15% of the world’s population were covered.

Published by: World Health Organization (WHO)

Interpellations and responses to Non-communicable diseases in Uruguay


In this report, the Uruguayan State has taken on the challenge of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) as a demo epidemiological problem and has implemented a public policy based on a set of health actions and intersectoral programs, based on the recommendations of international organizations such as PAHO / WHO and the objectives of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Published by: Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)

Training course on ethics in implementation research


TDR and WHO's Global Health Ethics team have jointly developed a training course for researchers and research ethics committees on the important ethical considerations in implementation research (IR). The course comprises six interactive modules interspersed with activities including case studies, role-play and quizzes:

Module 1: Introduction to IR Module 2: Ethical considerations in IR
Module 3: Ethical issues in planning IR
Module 4: Ethical issues in conducting IR
Module 5: Ethical issues post-IR
Module 6: In-depth ethical analysis of IR using case studies

Published by: World Health Organization (WHO)

High-Performance Health Financing for Universal Health Coverage - Driving Sustainable, Inclusive Growth in the 21st Century


Despite these multiple benefits, the majority of developing countries have yet to seize the growth and development opportunities offered by high-performing health financing. Major coverage gaps for essential health services persist; for those who receive services, coverage is too often ineffective, as the quality of services is low. To expand equitable coverage with both quality services and financial protection, the overall levels of health spending, the mix of revenue sources, pooling, and the efficient and equitable use of resources matter. This report identifies critical health financing constraints.

Published by: World Bank Group

Delivering healthy lives and well-being for women and girls

Policy brief

With Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) causing two of every three deaths of women each year, action to implement Universal Health Coverage (UHC) must recognise and address sex and gender differences in NCD risk factors, care pathways and outcomes if services are to be targeted effectively and deliver healthy lives and well-being for women and girls around the world. This policy brief outlines some of the gender-specific dimensions of NCDs that UHC must address, and presents a number of recommendations to improve the health and wellbeing of girls and women.

Published by: NCD Alliance

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